Bible Commentaries Online

The following is a list of Bible commentaries that are available for free online borrowing through the Internet Archive. These commentaries are all in English and were published between 1980 and 2015 (with a few exceptions).

This list was last updated on August 11, 2022. More commentaries are being added to the Internet archive on an almost daily basis. Click here to see the most recent additions.

As for older commentaries, this list refers to some (fairly) recent translations of traditional Jewish and Christian commentaries that are still under copyright. It does not refer to older editions that are in the public domain, as these can easily be found on other sites. See, e.g., ccel.org for Calvin’s commentaries.

Contents

One-Volume Commentaries

Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible
The International Bible Commentary
The Oxford Bible Commentary

Old Testament Commentaries

(For the meaning of the abbreviations, see below, after Revelation.)

Genesis
Alter
Brueggemann Interp
Fretheim NIB
Von Rad OTL
Wenham WBC 1-15, 16-50
Westermann CC 1-11
Traditional:
Augustine WSA 1-3
Ephrem the Syrian FC
Luther LW 1-5, 6-14, 15-20, 21-25, 26-30, 31-37, 38-44, 45-50
Midrash Rabbah 1-22, 23-50

Exodus
Alter
Bruckner NIBC
Brueggemann NIB
Childs OTL
Fretheim Interp
Houtman HCOT 1-7
Langston BBC
Propp AB 19-40
Smith NCBC
Utzschneider IECOT 1-15
White Brazos
Traditional:
Ephrem the Syrian FC
Midrash Rabbah
Naḥmanides (Ramban)
Samuel ben Meir (Rashbam)

Leviticus
Alter
Gerstenberger OTL
Kaiser NIB
Milgrom AB 1-16, 17-22, 23-27
Owen NCBC

Numbers
Alter
Dozemann NIB
Levine AB 1-20, 21-36
Sakenfield ITC
Traditional:
Midrash Rabbah 1-7, 7-35
Targum Neofiti 1

Deuteronomy
Alter
Block NIVAC
Christensen WBC 1-21
21-34
Clements NIB
Weinfeld AB 1-11
Traditional:
Luther LW
Midrash Rabbah
Targum Neofiti 1
Targum Onqelos
Targum Pseudo-Jonathan

Joshua
Butler WBC
Coote NIB
Dozeman AYB 1-12
Traditional:
ACCS

Judges
Chisholm KEL
Niditch OTL
Olson NIB
Sasson AYB 1-12
Webb NICOT
Traditional:
ACCS

Ruth
Chisholm KEL
Hubbard NICOT
Nielsen OTL
Robertson Farmer NIB
Traditional:
ACCS

1 Samuel
Alter
Birch NIB
Klein WBC
Tsumura NICOT
Traditional:
ACCS

2 Samuel
Alter
Birch NIB
Traditional:
ACCS
Rashi and others

1 Kings
Cogan AB
House NAC
Seow NIB
Walsh BerO

2 Kings
Cogan/Tadmor AB
House NAC
Long FOTL
Seow NIB

1 Chronicles
Allen NIB
Klein Herm
Knoppers AB 1-9
Selman TOTC

2 Chronicles
Allen NIB
Klein Herm
Selman TOTC

Ezra
Klein NIB
Van Wijk-Bos WestBC

Nehemiah
Klein NIB
Van Wijk-Bos WestBC

Esther
Levenson OTL
Van Wijk-Bos WestBC
White Crawford NIB
Traditional:
Midrash Rabbah

Job
Alter
Clines WBC 38-42
Gray
Hartley NICOT
Seow
Newsom NIB

Psalms
Bullock TT 1-72
Clifford AOTC 73-150
Craigie WBC 1-50
Gerstenberg FOTL 1-60
Goldingay BCOT 1-41
Hossfeld/Zenger Herm 51-100, 101-150
Kraus CC 1-59
McCann NIB
Traditional:

ACCS 1-50
Augustine WSA 1-33, 34-51
Diodore of Tarsus 1-51
Luther LW 1-75, 76-126
Midrash 1-72

Proverbs
Alter
Fox AB 1-9, AYB 10-31
Murphy NIBC
Van Leeuwen NIB
Waltke NICOT 1-15, 15-31

Ecclesiastes
Alter
Krüger Herm
Longman NICOT
Murphy NIBC
Seow AB
Towner NIB
Traditional:
Luther

Song of Songs
Hess BCOT
Keel CC
Longman NICOT
Murphy Herm
Murphy NIBC
Pope AB
Weems NIB
Traditional:
Luther LW
Midrash Rabbah

Isaiah
Baker ZIBBC
Baltzer Herm 40-55
Blenkinsopp AB 1-39, 40-55
Brueggemann WestBC 1-39, 40-66
Childs OTL
Goldingay/Payne ICC 44-55
Hanson Interp 40-66
Oswalt NICOT 1-39
Roberts Herm 1-39
Seitz Interp 1-39
Seitz NIB 40-66
Tucker NIB 1-39
Traditional:

ACCS 40-66
Luther LW 40-66

Jeremiah
Bracke WestBC 1-29
Brueggemann ITC 26-52
Clements Interp
Fretheim SHBC
Holladay Herm 1-25, 26-52
Longman UBCS
Lundbom AB 37-52
McKane ICC 1-25, 26-52
Miller NIB
Voth ZIBBC

Lamentations
Ferris ZIBBC
Hillers AB (2nd ed.)
Longman UBCS
O’Connor NIB
Provan NCB
Traditional:
Midrash Rabbah

Ezekiel
Blenkinsopp Interp
Block NICOT 1-24, 25-48
Bodi ZIBBC
Clements WestBC
Greenberg AB 1-20
Joyce LHBOTS
Pfisterer Darr NIB
Zimmerli Herm 1-24, 25-48

Daniel
Collins Herm
Goldingay WBC
Longman NIVAC
Lucas ZIBBC
Smith-Christopher NIB

Hosea
Achtemeier NIBC
Andersen/Freedman AB
Birch WestBC
Dearman NICOT
Yee NIB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Joel
Achtemeier NIB
Achtemeier NIBC
Birch WestBC
Crenshaw AB
Sweeney BerO
Wolff Herm
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Amos
Achtemeier NIBC
Andersen/Freedman AB
Birch WestBC
Garrett BHHB
Gowan NIB
Paul Herm
Sweeney BerO
Wolff Herm
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Obadiah
Achtemeier NIBC
Pagán NIB
Raabe AB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Jonah
Achtemeier NIBC
Nixon BST
Sasson AB
Sweeney BerO
Trible NIB
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Micah
Achtemeier NIBC
Andersen/Freedman AB
Ben Zvi FOTL
Hillers Herm
Simundson NIB
Sweeney BerO
Wolff CC
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Nahum
Christensen AYB
García-Treto NIB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Habakkuk
Andersen AB
Hiebert NIB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Zephaniah
Bennett NIB
Berlin AB
Sweeney BerO
Sweeney Herm
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Haggai
March NIB
Meyers/Meyers AB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Zechariah
Meyers/Meyers AB 1-8, 9-14
Ollenburger NIB
Redditt IECOT 9-14
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

Malachi
Eddinger BHHB
Schuller NIB
Sweeney BerO
Traditional:
Luther LW
Theodore of Mopsuestia FC

New Testament Commentaries

Matthew
Boring NIB
Bruner 1-12
Davies/Allison ICC 1-7
France NICNT
Garland RNT
Hagner WBC 1-13, 14-28
Hahn ICSB
Luz Herm 1-7, 8-20, 21-28
Morris PNTC
Turner BECNT
Wilkins ZIBBC
Traditional:
Hilary of Poitiers FC
Jerome FC
Luther LW 1-18, 19-24, 5-7

Mark
Donahue/Harrington SP
France NIGTC
Garland ZIBBC
Mann AB
Martin
Moloney
Perkins NIB
Sabin NCBC
Yarbro Collins Herm

Luke
Bovon Herm 1-9, 9-19, 19-24
Culpepper NIB
Culy/Parsons/StigallBHGNT
Fitzmyer AB 1-9, 10-24
Green NICNT
Strauss ZIBBC

John
Beasley-Murray WBC 2nd ed
Brown AB 12-21
Bruner
Burge NIVAC
Kruse TNTC
Lincoln BNTC
Michaels NICNT
Michaels UBCS
Morris NICNT 2nd ed
O’Day NIB
Thompson NTL
Traditional:

Luther LW 14-16, 17-20

Acts
Bruce NICNT
Conzelmann Herm
Fitzmyer AB
Holladay NTL
Johnson SP
Keener 1-2, 3-14
Kwon ISG
Pervo Herm
Wall NIB
Willimon Interp

Romans
Dunn WBC 1-8, 9-16
Fitzmyer AB
Jewett Herm
Keck ANTC
Moo NICNT
Mounce NAC
Schreiner BECNT
Stott BST
Witherington
Wright NIB
Traditional:
Abelard FCMC
Luther LW

1 Corinthians
Blomberg NIVAC
Collins SP
Fee NICNT
Fitzmyer AYB
Sampley NIB
Perkins Paideia
Witherington

2 Corinthians
Barnett NICNT
Lambrecht SP
Martin WBC
Sampley NIB
Thrall ICC 1-7
Witherington

Galatians
Betz Herm
Hays NIB
Moo BECNT
Tarazi OBS
Traditional:
Jerome FC
Luther LW

Ephesians
Barth AB 1-3
MacDonald SP
Perkins NIB
Thielman BECNT

Philippians
Bockmuehl BNTC
Hooker NIB
Reumann AYB

Colossians
Barth/Blanke AB
Lincoln NIB
MacDonald SP
Martin BCBC

1 Thessalonians
Fee NICNT
Smith NIB
Stott BST

2 Thessalonians
Fee NICNT
Smith NIB
Stott BST

1 Timothy
Dunn NIB
Johnson AB
Mounce WBC
Traditional:
Luther LW

2 Timothy
Dunn NIB
Johnson AB
Mounce WBC

Titus
Dunn NIB
Mounce WBC

Philemon
Felder NIB
Martin BCBC

Hebrews
Attridge Herm
Cockerill NICNT
Craddock NIB
Ellingworth NIGTC
Guthrie NIVAC
Koester AB
Lane WBC 1-8, 9-13
Mitchell SP
Vanhoye

James
Johnson AB
Johnson NIB
Moo PNTC
Painter Paideia
Perkins Interp

1 Peter
Bartlett NIB
Davids NICNT
Elliott AB
Perkins Interp
Watson Paideia

2 Peter
Callan Paideia
Davids BHGNT
Kraftchick ANTC
Neyrey AB
Perkins Interp
Watson NIB

1 John
Black NIB
Johnson NIBC
Strecker Herm

2 John
Black NIB
Johnson NIBC
Strecker Herm

3 John
Black NIB
Johnson NIBC
Strecker Herm

Jude
DavidsBHGNT
deSilva Paideia
Kraftchick ANTC
Neyrey AB
Perkins Interp
Watson NIB

Revelation
Beale NIGTC
Boring Interp
Cory NCBC
Keener NIVAC
Knight Readings
Rowland NIB
Traditional:
Andrew of Caesarea FC

Abbreviations

  • AB: Anchor Bible (continued as AYB)
  • ACCS: Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture
  • ANTC: Abingdon New Testament Commentaries
  • AOTC: Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries
  • AYB: Anchor Yale Bible (continuation of AB)
  • BBC: Blackwell Bible Commentaries (“… Through the Centuries” series)
  • BCOT: Baker Commentary on the Old Testament
  • BECNT: Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament
  • BerO: Berit Olam
  • BHGNT: Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament
  • BHHB: Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible
  • BNTC: Black’s New Testament Commentary
  • CC: Continental Commentary series
  • FC: Fathers of the Church
  • FCMC: Fathers of the Church: Medieval Continuation
  • FOTL: The Forms of the Old Testament Literature
  • HCOT: Historical Commentary on the Old Testament
  • Herm: Hermeneia
  • ICC: International Critical Commentary
  • ICSB: Ignatius Catholic Study Bible
  • IECOT: International Exegetical Commentary on the Old Testament
  • Interp: Interpretation
  • ISG: International Study Guides
  • ITC: International Theological Commentary
  • KEL: Kregel Exegetical Library
  • LHBOTS: Library of Hebrew Bible / Old Testament Studies
  • LW: Luther’s Works
  • NCB: New Century Bible
  • NCBC: New Collegeville Bible Commentary
  • NIB: New Interpreter’s Bible
  • NIBC: New International Bible Commentary (continued as UBCS)
  • NICNT: New International Commentary on the New Testament
  • NICOT: New International Commentary on the Old Testament
  • NIGTC: New International Greek Testament Commentary
  • NIVAC: NIV Application Commentary
  • NTL: New Testament Library
  • OBS: Orthodox Bible Studies
  • OTL: Old Testament Library
  • PNTC: Piller New Testament Commentary
  • RNT: Reading the New Testament
  • SHBC: Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary
  • SP: Sacra Pagina
  • TOTC: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries
  • TT: Teach the Text
  • UBCS: Understanding the Bible Commentary Series (continuation of NIBC)
  • WBC: Word Biblical Commentary
  • WestBC: Westminster Bible Companion
  • WSA: The Works of Saint Augustine
  • ZIBBC: Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary