English/Theology

Medieval Commentaries on Psalms Online

The following is a list of medieval commentaries on the Book of Psalms that are available online. The list covers edited commentaries on Psalms (including some prefatory and homiletic works) from Western Christianity between 500 and 1500. Psalm numbers have been given according to the Hebrew numbering (used in most modern Bibles), not according to the Vulgate.

Language abbreviations:
DE = German
EN = English
ES = Spanish
FR = French
IT = Italian
LA = Latin
NL = Dutch
PO = Polish

Series abbreviations:
ACW = Ancient Christian Writers
CCCM = Corpus Christianorum: Continuatio medievalis
CCSL = Corpus Christianorum: Series Latina
PL = Patrologia Latina

Symbols:
Ø = not available online; this symbol is followed by a link to the book record in WorldCat (WC)
$ = paid access and/or institutional subscription required

Abbreviations of online book repositories:
BEIC = Biblioteca Europea di Informazione e Cultura
GB = Google Books
IA = Internet Archive
MDZ = Münchener DigitalisierungsZentrum
SBB = Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin
WLB = Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart

4th Century

Jerome (c. 345–420)
LA, Ps 1–150, incorrect attribution (7th century?), PL 26:821–1346, IA, GB

Tyrannius Rufinus (c. 345–411), incorrect attribution
See Lietbert of St. Ruf (12th century).

5th Century

6th Century

Cassiodorus (c. 485–after 580)
LA, Ps 1–150, PL 70:9–1056, IA, GB
LA, Ps 1–150, CCSL 97–98, Ø WC, Ø WC
EN, Ps 1–150, ACW 51–53, $ Logos.

Gregory of Tours (538/39–593)
LA, two fragments of Psalms commentary, PL 71:1079–80, IA, GB

Gregory the Great (540–604), authorship disputed
LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, PL 79:549–658, IA, GB

7th Century

Isidore of Seville (c. 560–636)
(1) LA, preface to Psalms, PL 81:971–72, IA, GB
(1) LA, preface to Psalms, Stuttgart Psalter, 1r, WLB
(2) LA, prooemium to Psalms, PL 83:163–164, IA, GB

8th Century

Alcuin of York (c. 730–804)
(1) LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 119–134, PL 100:569–639, IA, GB
(2) Ps 1–76, incorrect attribution, see Lietbert of St. Ruf (12th Century)

Bede (672/73–735), uncertain and incorrect attributions
(1, 2, 3) Ps 1–150, PL 93:477–1098, IA, GB; this commentary contains three sections for each Psalm: an argumentum (indirectly based on Theodore of Mopsuestia), an explanatio (by Bede?), and a commentarius (for Ps 1–122 only, attributed to Manegold of Lautenbach [11th century] or to an unknown author between 1140 and 1150, $ jstor).
(4) Ps 53, incorrectly attributed to Bede, see Otloh of Sankt Emmeram (11th century)

Glosses on Psalms from North England (8th century)
LA, Ps 40–150, Vaticana Pal. lat. 68, manuscript

9th Century

Haymo of Halberstadt (?–853), incorrect attribution
See Anselm of Laon (12th century).

Paschasius Radbertus (c. 790–c. 860)
LA, Ps 45, PL 120:993–1060, IA, GB
LA, Ps 45, CCCM 94, Ø WC

Walafrid Strabo (808/9–849)
LA, Ps 1–21, PL 114:752–94, IA, GB
LA, Ps 22, 24, 34, 1977:152–68, Ø WC

10th Century

11th Century

Bruno of Cologne (c. 1030–1101)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1891, MDZ
FR, Ps 1–150, 2017, Ø WC

Bruno of Würzburg (c. 1005–1045), authorship disputed
LA, Ps 1–150, PL 142:49–530, IA, GB

Manegold of Lautenbach (c. 1030–1103), authorship disputed
LA, Ps 1–122, the commentarius sections in PL 93:477–1089, IA, GB
(Incorrectly attributed to Bede; also attributed to an unknown author between 1140 and 1150, $ jstor; for the argumentum and explanatio sections in PL 93:477–1098, see the note on Bede [8th century].)

Otloh of Sankt Emmeram (c. 1010–c. 1072)
LA, Ps 53, PL 93:1103–1128, IA, GB
(Incorrectly attributed to Bede)

12th Century

Alexander Neckam (1157–1217)
LA, Ps 14:1, 1990:26–27, $ jstor

Anselm of Laon (c. 1050–1117), authorship disputed
LA, Ps 1–150, PL 116:191–696, IA, GB
(Incorrectly attributed to Haymo of Halberstadt; an anonymous author who wrote between 1130 and 1150 has been proposed, $ jstor.)

Arnold of Bonneval (?–after 1156)
LA, Ps 133, PL 189:1569–90, IA, GB

Gerhoh of Reichersberg (1092/93–1169)
LA, Ps 1–31, PL 193:621–1316, IA, GB
LA, Ps 32–38, 1956, Ø WC, Ø WC
LA, Ps 39–64, PL 193:1371–1814, IA, GB
LA, Ps 65 (= Liber de corrupto ecclesiae statu), PL 194:9–118, IA, GB
LA, Ps 66–78, PL 194:117–486, IA, GB
LA, Ps 79–118, 1956, Ø WC
LA, Ps 119–150, PL 194:729–998, IA, GB
(Ps 32–38 and 79–118 in PL 193 and 194 are not by Gerhoh but by Honorius Augustodunensis.)

Gilbert of Poitiers (c. 1080–1154)
LA, Ps 128, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec et Latin 62 (1992): 107, pdf

Herbert of Bosham (c. 1120–c. 1194)
(1) LA, Introduction, Ps 90, 99, 1953:44–77, $ jstor; 1953:159–92, $ jstor; 1953:275–98, $ jstor
(2) LA, prefatory letter to second and third parts of glosses on Psalms, PL 190:1475–76, IA, GB

Honorius Augustodunensis (Honorius ‘of Autun’, early 12th century)
LA, Ps 1, 51, 52, 101, 102, 150, PL 170:269–312, IA, GB
LA, Ps 32–38, PL 193:1315–72, IA, GB
LA, Ps 79–118, PL 194:485–730, IA, GB

Lietbert of St. Ruf (?–1110)
LA, Ps 1–76, PL 21:645–958, IA, GB
(Incorrectly attributed to Alcuin and to Tyrannius Rufinus)

Michel de Meaux (Michael Meldensis, late 12th century)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1668:72–153, 279–93, IA
(Incorrectly attributed to Bonaventura; the second commentary on Ps 119 in the 1668 edition is by Johannes Lemovicensis.)

Odo of Aste (?–1120/25?)
LA, Ps 1–45, 87–111, PL 165:1141–1298, IA, GB

Peter Lombard (c. 1100–1160)
LA, Ps 1–150, PL 191:55–1296, IA, GB
EN, Preface to commentary on Psalms, 1988:105–12, Ø WC

Richard of Saint Victor (?–1173)
LA, Ps 2, 4, 26, 29, 41, 45, 72, 75, 81, 85, 89, 91, 105, 114, 118, 119, 122, 135, 137, 139, 140, 144, PL 196:265–402, IA, GB
(PL 196:273 has a section entitled “Adnotatio in Psalmum XXX,” but this is about Ps 4.)

William de Montibus (c. 1140–1213)
LA, selection from lecture on Psalms, 1992:497–503, Ø WC

13th Century

Adenulf of Anagni (?–1289)
LA, Ps 1–51, 1892, IA
LA, Ps 52–101, 1892, IA, IA
LA, Ps 102–150, 1893, IA, IA
EN, Ps 1–150 (incomplete), html
(Incorrectly attributed to Albertus Magnus.)

Albertus Magnus (Albert the Great, c. 1193–1280), incorrect attribution
See Adenulf of Anagni (13th century).

Anthony of Padua (1195–1231), uncertain attribution
LA, Ps 1–150, 1880:6:575–1266, IA
(This work has also been attributed to John Halgren of Abbeville.)

Bonaventura (1221–1274), incorrect attribution
(1) Ps 1–150, see Michel de Meaux (12th century)
(2) Ps 119, see Johannes Lemovicensis (13th century)

Hugh of Saint-Cher (Hugo de Sancto Charo, c. 1200–1263)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1703, GB

Innocent III (Lothar of Segni, 1160/61–1216), uncertain attribution
LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, PL 217:967–1130, IA, GB

Jiles of Rome (c. 1247–1316)
LA, Ps 45, 1555, GB; 1968, Ø WC
EN, Ps 45, 1998:209–250, Ø WC

Johannes Lemovicensis (early 13th century)
LA, Ps 119, 1668:153–279, IA
(Incorrectly attributed to Bonaventura)

John Halgren of Abbeville, uncertain attribution
See Anthony of Padua (13th century).

John of la Rochelle (?–1245)
LA, quotations from Intro, Ps 1, 14, 53, 1952:34:235–65, Ø WC

Nicholas of Gorran (1232–1295)
LA, Ps 1–80, manuscript
LA, Ps 81–150, manuscript

Philip the Chancellor (?–1236)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1523, GB; 1600, GB

Thomas Aquinas (1224/25–1274)
LA, Ps 1–52, 1863, IA, html
LA, Ps 53–55, 1880, html
EN, Ps 1–55 (incomplete), html
FR, Ps 1–55, pdf

Thomas of Jorz (?–1310), incorrect attribution
See Thomas Wallensis (14th century).

William of Saint-Amour (early 13th century–1272)
LA, Intro, Ps 1, 1632:1–7, IA, GB

14th Century

Armand de Belvézer (?–c. 1338)
LA, selected psalms, 1610, GB

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321), incorrect attribution
IT, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 1753, GB

Engelbert of Admont (1250–1331)
LA, preface to Ps 119, 1729:6–8, IA, GB
LA, two versions of preface to Ps 119, 1962:306–12, $ jstor

Heinrich von Mügeln (c. 1319–c. 1380)
(1) LA, paragraph on Psalms in Libris tocius Biblie, 2003:41, $ De Gruyter
(2) DE, poem on Psalms, 1959, Ø WC
(3) DE, Ps 1–150 (commentary based on Nicholas of Lyre; recently attributed to an anonymous Austrian translator), c. 1478, MDZ

Johannes von Sommerfeld (?–1348/61)
LA, Ps 1–3, 15, 22, 48, 150, 1956:38:344–60, Ø WC

John Wycliffe (c. 1330–1384)
LA, Ps 135, 1966:337–38, $ De Gruyter
(For a discussion of Wycliffe’s [mainly unedited] commentary on Psalms, see: Benrath 2011:23–42, $ De Gruyter.)

Ludolph of Saxony (c. 1300–1377)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1645, GB
LA, Ps 1–150, 1891, $ ATLA Historical Monographs Collection: Series 1; Ø WC
NL, Preface, Ps 6, 1978, pdf

Matthew of Kraków (c. 1345–1410)
LA, Ps 119, 1974:87–95, Ø WC

Michael Aiguani de Bononia (c. 1320–c. 1400)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1608, GB

Nicholas of Lyre (c. 1270–1349)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1545:3:83v–307r, GB; 1588:3:83v–307r, GB; 1603:3:415–1594, IA
DE, Ps 1–150, 1504, GB
FR, Ps 1–150, c. 1492, Ø WC

Petrus Aureolus (c. 1280–1322)
LA, Intro to Psalms in Compendium sensus litteralis totius divinae Scripturae, 1896:52–55, IA

Philipp von Rathsamhausen (?–1322)
LA(?), Ps 4, 1948, Ø WC

Richard Rolle (c. 1300–1349)
(1) LA, Ps 1–150, 1536, GB; 1929, Ø WC
(2) LA, Ps 21, 1536, GB; 1991, WC
(2) EN, Ps 21, 1984, Ø WC
(3) EN, Ps 1–150, 1884, IA

Thomas Maldonus (?–1404)
LA, Ps 119, 1982:29:193–235, Ø WC

Thomas Wallensis (?–shortly after 1349[1357?])
LA, Ps 1–38, 1611, GB
(Incorrectly attributed to Thomas of Jorz)

15th Century

Dionysius the Cartusian (1402/3–1471)
(1) LA, Ps 1–44, 1898:379–690, IA
(1) LA, Ps 45–150, 1898, IA
(1) DE, Ps 1–150, 1535 (includes comments from Dionysius), GB, MDZ
(2) LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 1901:383–463, IA

Girolamo Savonarola (1452–1498)
(1) IT, sermons on selected Psalms, 1543, GB; 1969–1974, Ø WC, WC
(2) IT, sermons on Ps 73, 1528, IA; 1544, GB; 1845, GB; 1999, WC
(3, 4, 5) LA, Ps 31, 51, 80, 1633, GB; 1976, Ø WC
Translations (of 3, 4, 5):
DE, Ps 31, 51, 1871, MDZ
DE, Ps 31, 51, 80, 1567, e-rara
DE, Ps 80, 1542, GB; 1597, SBB
EN(+LA), Ps 31, 51, 1900, IA
EN(+LA), Ps 31, 51, 1994, $ ProQuest Ebook Central; Ø WC
FR, Ps 31, 51, 80, 1880, GB
IT, Ps 31, 51, 1898, GB
IT, Ps 31, 51, 80, 1535, GB
NL, Ps 31, 51, 1548, GB
NL, Ps 31, 51, 1644, GB
PO, Ps 31, 1973:138–45, pdf
(For more editions and translations, see PRDL.)

Jaime Perez de Valencia (c. 1408–1490)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1581, IA, GB

Johannes van Bercht (?–1470)
LA, Ps 110–150, IA, GB

Juan de Torquemada (1388–1468)
LA, Ps 1–150, 1474, GB; 1476, GB;1485, GB; 1502, GB; 1524, GB

Paolo Attavanti (1445–1499)
LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 1479, IA
IT, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 1480, BEIC
LA+IT, Ps 91, 1495, BEIC

Pierre d’Ailly (1351–1420)
LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 1484, IA
LA, Ps 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143, 31, 43, 1548, GB

Dietrich Engelhus (c. 1362–1434)
LA, Ps 1–150, c. 1498, MDZ

References

Starting point for the compilation of this list was the list of commentaries on Psalms in the second edition of Repertorium edierter Texte des Mittelalters aus dem Bereich der Philosophie und angrenzender Gebiete (RETM2). In addition, Thorne Wittstruck, The Book of Psalms: An Annotated Bibliography has been used. For the English spelling of names and the dates of commentators, the third edition of the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church has been consulted as well as relevant Wikipedia articles.

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